"Visions of World Benefit & Global Responsibility: Perspectives of McGill Students

Wednesday, August 8, 2007

3 important concepts in 21 century

Concept#1: Bio-nano Convergence
After experienced the industrial revolutions in human history, we are now in a new ear and a globaltechnology revolution is rapidly changing the world. It covers various field of studies, including genomics, cloning, biomedical engineering, smart materials, agilemanufacturing, nanofabricated computation devices, and integratedmicrosystems and so on. This amazing movement may have positive or negative effects on human health and becomes the most essential improvement in both the quality and length of our human life. At the same time, Biotechnology helps us to identify, understand, manipulate, improve, and control many living organisms (including ourselves) on this planet. Furthermore, Nanotechnology is the science and technology of building devices and it has a huge application in our future life. It mainly focuses on the concept of engineering functional mechanical systems at the molecular scalepotentially, this new technology will be able to replace microelectronics and many fields with tremendous application in the areas of medicine, electronics and material science. One day, with the combination of material convergence and biotechnology, a new science called Intelligent Bioscience will be created and it will lead us to a disease free, happy and more intelligent human life.

Concept #2: Hunger and World Poverty
World poverty has become a huge global issue and disturbed the majority of the world’s people and nations, especially in developing courtiers. In fact, there are about 25,000 people die every day from hunger or hunger-related causes and there is about one person every three and a half seconds [2]. Particularly, children die most often since they are weaker than adults. In reality, there is plenty of food in the world available but most of them are in developed country. Some people in the developing country have no access to enough food for their survival; so hungry people are trapped in severe poverty. They are either lack the money to buy or have access to enough food to nourish themselves. This phenomena usually exists in the whole family. The sickness comes to them after long term malnourished so they become weaker and weaker. This makes them increasingly lack the ability to work, which leads them to be even poorer and hungrier. Fortunately, some non-profit organizations have developed many effective programs to help these hungry people. For adults, there are “food for work” programs where the adults are paid with food to build many facilities in order to help them from being hungry and make them work for the society. For children, there are “food for education” programs where the children are provided with food when they attend school. This special educational program will help them to escape from hunger and poverty.[2]

Concept# 3: Human Development Index
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a proportional measurement of “life expectancy, literacy, education, and standard of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare”[4]. Furthermore, it is a new criterion of measurement that is used to determine whether a country is a developed, developing, or underdeveloped country. Also, the new method measures the impact of economic policies on quality of life at the same time.

There are three criteria are used to determine the average achievements in a country of human development:

1. Technology Convergence,
2. Hunger and World Poverty,
3. Cause of Poverty by Anup Shah, Monday, July 02, 2007

4. Human Development Index, Wikipedia

No comments: